The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Map) presented, at the request of the Chinese government, a list of 50 Brazilian refrigerators that have already met the sanitary requirements required to enter the Asian market and await authorization to start exporting meat to the country.
Simultaneously, Minister Carlos Fávaro brought a lawsuit against the Chinese so that Brazil could use the mechanism of pre-listinga kind of prior listing, which accelerates the authorization for exportation.
This “fast-track” model eliminates ugly bureaucratic stages for Chinese customs and could increase the flow of exports.
Currently, only the agricultural and health authorities of the United States have a similar guarantee and apply the model, according to representatives of the Brazilian government.
The North Americans are responsible for collecting documents, inspecting and authorizing the exporting refrigerators in their territory, following the demands of the Chinese. This work is recognized by Chinese hairs. or model pre-listing dispenses final evaluation by the authorities of Pequim.
According to Map technicians, how do we Chinese give a vote of confidence to the health authorities of Brazil and recognize the procedures of the inspection system adopted in the country, so that the refrigerators meet the export requirements demanded.
This mode is used by the USA, and desired by Brazil, which enables the refrigerator in the exporting country.
Currently, when a Brazilian refrigerator expresses interest in selling its products on the Chinese market, it needs to go through some technical stages:
- Pre-filling and sending to the Map of forms with information required by China;
- Verification of conformity by Map;
- Video audit at the export plant;
- Cadastramento of data and documents in the digital Chinese system, known as “unique janela”; validation of the information by Map;
- Shipment for checking by the customs authority, to GACC (General Administration of Customs China).
In the last phase, the Chinese may require more information or an audit, even in person. And there are no guaranteed terms.
Due to bureaucracy, the Map has to present to the Chinese government “lots” of refrigerators that have not been carried out with the procedures carried out, awaiting authorization. The criteria was the chronological order of the start of the process, or that it would lead to a long wait. The requests were attended in China’s discretionary time.
In recent years, second pasta technicians, the Chinese have come to ask us behind the scenes that the ministry stop sending authorization requests to meat exporters. I also agree with a political distance from the Jair Bolsonaro government, ideological provocations and diplomatic incidents with China.
How do I use it? pre-listing, the waiting time between the export request and the authorization is reduced, because the Brazilian government itself would be in charge of evaluating if all the requirements are met. China has been in the last four years without enabling a plant in Brazil. There would also be no need to send blocks of refrigerators for final analysis in China.
The release of the clam, however, still has to take time, according to the expectations of technicians from the ministry. “It is important, we are talking. But it is step by step”, says Fávaro. “We are num quase da model pre-listing, when they ask us to send all 50 suitable refrigerators. But the decision is to give them ainda. The Americans only open the button. We don’t have any help.”
This time, the Chinese government asked Brazil to remove once and for all the refrigerators with documentation and inspections resolved, awaiting the release of the Chinese authorities. Isso gerou expectation of a release without precedents. The 50 have been presented to the Chinese, according to Fávaro. The Brazilian government now awaits a decision, but avoids talking about numbers, so as not to put pressure on the negotiations.
Another 120 exporters are preparing documentation, in the registration and inspection process.
Since 2019, second to the minister and businessmen, the new refrigerator has been authorized to export to China. This week, after a meeting with his Chinese counterpart, Fávaro announced the lifting of the general embargo on the export of Brazilian beef to China.
The suspension was in force since February, due to an atypical case of mal da vaca louca.
On the same day, the Chinese government also confirmed the authorization of four new units of bovine meat and the rehabilitation of one of bovine meat and another of frank, for a total of six.
“This is the first time that we have enabled exporting establishments during the official mission. I never had this”, said Fávaro. In order not to put pressure on the Chinese, he avoided saying how many more he hopes can be authorized, but says that there will be 50 on equal terms to be selected by China.
Além do uso da pre-listingThe Brazilian government wants to change the export suspension protocol, when a case of wild cow is discovered. Assigned in 2015, it provides for a general embargo of all meat shipments from the country to China.
The Brazilians want the suspension to fall only on a region where the case was detected.
They argue that a doença-transmissible case has never been verified in Brazil, which carries a risk to humans.
The protocol provides for the shipment of meat only from animals killed at 30 months of age, plus a precaution against the rogue cow – this criteria is not required of vizinhos as it is in Argentina.
Executives from Brazilian refrigerators make up most of the business delegation in China. There are at least 43 in the official delegation recognized by the ministry. They are waiting for the move in the authorization procedure, among other lawsuits.
China is the main destination for Brazilian meat. In the case of bovines, the exports are concentrated in culinary meat and ingredient, for use in the industry and final consumption. In the United States and in Australia we sell more noble cuts of churrasco.
Source: CNN Espanol