Approximately one third two teachers of basic education suffer from Burnout syndrome. This is what a successful study is at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp).
Outdated salaries, violence in schools and pressure for results are among the factors that contribute to increasing stress in teaching practice. The research evaluated 397 professors, from various states, from public and private schools.
“Teacher dealt with physical and verbal violence at school, lack of structure, under pressure from school management and demands from two countries”, says Raphaela Gonçalves, who led the uprising during her master’s degree in Health Sciences.
Ela, who works as a professor and has a degree in Biology and Pedagogy, still stands out due to the lack of appreciation. “A low salary requires more and more workload to stay financially, for the accumulation of work, I have a role as a psychologist, as a social worker and in the family”, she says.
I did not study, an online form was distributed among teachers, with three questions. One of them was about the prevalence of Burnout, with 25 questions of four dimensions: personal exhaustion (exhaustão not related to labor aspects); Work-related burnout (exhaustão e frusturação ligadas ao trabalho); Burnout linked to students (influence of the teacher-student relationship on professional enthusiasm); Burnout related to colleagues (feelings in front of a team with which professional life).
After questions about each variable (for example, “Do you feel exhausted by the manhã logo when you think about a mais um dia de trabalho?”), the teacher assigned the frequency with which he identified himself with the phrase.
The second form was about job satisfaction, with 66 questions. Among the topics, salary, responsibilities, colleagues, working conditions and appreciation. The other questionnaire was about sociodemographic data. In 32.75% two participants, had signs of Burnout.
men and women
According to the research, the prevalence of the two symptoms of exhaustion among men and women was similar. “I don’t have a worse shave than the other. But, when we crossed the dice, we saw that demographic factors and satisfaction did not affect these groups in a different way”, says Raphaela.
Second or study, higher salaries confer decreased chances of personal burnout among men. Já for women, how much more or salary, more or risk of exhaustion.
“To earn more, she has to work more, suffer more pay. At home, she continues working. For women, positive factors do not work to quit more prone to Burnout.”
Or the same goes for the others. The greater the number of children, the greater the risk of personal exhaustion for the woman. Já not homem, the number of children is inversely proportional to the risk of development or disorder.
“Probably for the man, I am more satisfied. Not that a woman doesn’t feel accomplished like the children, but it’s a job besides, a responsibility also.”
Another point that calls for attention was more satisfied among teachers of the public network. “I can see how the fact that teachers of the public network understand their function as a purpose, through moving. It’s a little different from the teacher in the private network, which charges much more. You countries, as they pay for their money, are much more present and demand more.”
I was fairly unsatisfied with the job at a private school that Vanessa Paula Teixeira, 47, had taken to the Burnout box for almost ten years. A teacher, who has been working in the area for 20 years, before receiving a lesson for people with disabilities (PcD), more oil has to go to the private network because the salary is higher. “I went worse than I did. Everything that I earned spent on the remedy ”, she recalls.
According to Vanessa, the exhaustion was attributable to factors such as psychological pressure from the management and two countries, incompatible deadlines, overload and moral harassment. “I couldn’t sleep. Because sleeping meant turning to another day, ”she says.
“I started to give the time to go to work, it gave me a lack of energy that seemed like I was going to die. It was an absurd fear of the time to be in that place”, says Vanessa, who also says she was emaciated due to lack of appetite.
She sought help from a psychologist and a psychiatrist and took remedies. After two years, she was dismissed from school when she returned from leave, precisely because of mental health issues. Vanessa then put education aside for a few years and then returned as an early childhood teacher in the public network. “Now I live in another reality.”
According to neuropsychologist Carolina Garcia, who studies mental health in teaching, among the symptoms of Burnout is the desire to get away from work, negative thoughts about her performance and change in behavior, eating and sleeping. The treatment must have psychological and psychiatric monitoring and, in many situations, it is necessary to work for at least six months. “It is difficult to recover in the same environment that people ended up suffering from”, she ponders.
As informações são do jonal O Estado de S. Paulo.
Source: CNN Espanol