In her speech, Nada al-Nashif, the UN Acting High Commissioner for Human Rights, noted that restricting the economic interests of the military junta in Myanmar, and especially its access to income and foreign currency, are the main elements of preventing the regime’s human rights violations.
Nashif said that since February 2021, there has been a double increase in poverty and a collapse of the health system in Myanmar, which has been under the rule of the military junta, and said that in the report prepared by the UN team, it is observed that more than half of all school-age children have not accessed education for two years.
Calling for countermeasures against critical institutions that facilitate continued access to foreign currency, including the national oil and gas company Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise, which accounts for about 50 percent of the country’s foreign currency income, Nashif pointed out that the military also has open access to foreign currency held in overseas accounts of state-owned banks.
Calling for “coordinated manner” to reduce economic engagement with the military regime in Myanmar, Nashif recommended that UN member states impose additional sanctions.
military coup in Myanmar
The Myanmar army seized power on February 1, 2021, after allegations of fraud in the 2020 general elections and political tension in the country. The army had detained many officials and ruling party leaders, especially the country’s de facto leader and Foreign Minister Aung San Suu Kyi, and declared a state of emergency for a year.
As a result of the armed intervention of the Myanmar army against the anti-coup protesters and rebel groups, more than 1800 people have lost their lives so far. While approximately 13 thousand people have been detained since the coup, over 10 thousand people are still detained.
According to the Political Prisoners Aid Organization (AAPP), more than 1,900 people have died in the country since the coup, and more than 10,000 people have been detained. Myanmar military courts sentenced to death for 114 political prisoners, including 2 children.
Source: TRT Haber