Ten days after the ceasefire agreement, representatives of the Ethiopian army and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) have issued a joint declaration on the implementation of the agreement. In Nairobi, they agreed to begin disarming the TPLF on November 15. An African Union (AU) committee is to oversee implementation.
Foreign forces are to withdraw
At the same time, foreign forces and militias that were actively involved in the war are to withdraw from the region. Since neither representatives of the Eritrean army nor the militias from the Amhara region sat at the negotiating table, it is unclear whether they will stick to the agreement.
The protection of the civilian population and the civilian infrastructure was also reaffirmed as a common goal, and violations should result in “punitive actions”. Amnesty International had documented war crimes and crimes against humanity in the region, mostly committed by the security forces.
Humanitarian aid should start quickly
In addition, the signatories of the declaration want to work together to ensure that humanitarian aid gets to where it is urgently needed. The government wrote in a press release that basic infrastructure is gradually being restored in some regions. There is still no confirmation of this from aid organizations working on site.
The Tigray conflict began in November 2020 with an offensive by the Ethiopian armed forces after the TPLF repeatedly questioned the authority of the central government. The fighting triggered a massive humanitarian crisis in the region of northern Ethiopia. At least two million people have been displaced. According to a US estimate, around half a million people died in the conflict.
nob/sti (epd, afp, dpa, rtr)