The confidence of Spaniards in political parties and unions has deteriorated in the last five years, which is why they cling to the 1978 Constitution as the most reliable institution, with a big difference over the next one, according to the Survey on social trends of the Center for Sociological Research (CIS), released today. The poll reveals how those surveyed fear that this distrust in political representation, which has grown in the last five years, will increase in the next five years. The third institution in deterioration is the Government of Spain. The agency directed by José Félix Tezanos has asked 2,604 people between October 27 and November 10 about what they think will be the biggest problems in the world in 10 years. The list is headed by hunger and lack of food, followed by climate change and, in third position, poverty and social inequalities.
The survey includes disparate questions ranging from how far the state should intervene in the economy to questions related to the position in society that respondents believe they occupy. 71.6% believe that it should intervene and, of these, 61% interpret that the Executive should limit itself to intervening “in certain sectors of public interest and setting general guidelines”.
The CIS asks about the degree of trust that citizens have in Spain’s key institutions, which they ask to rate from 1 (they do not trust anything) to 10 (they inspire total security). Only one institution passes, with 6.36, the old right school: the Constitution. The coexistence framework text is the one that most tens gets, while the two institutions that receive the most some of qualification are the parties and the unions (only 0.9% of those surveyed give a 10 to the political formations). In this way, the second most reliable institution is justice, although by a hair’s breadth it does not reach approval (4.78).
From there, it’s all downhill. The third best valued institution, with 4.28, is the Spanish Parliament, closely followed by the media (4.24) and the Government (4.04). Already on the scale of very poor Of the old studies, the parties are located, which get a score of 3.7, and the unions, which remain at 3.66. Trust in these two institutions is much lower than it was five years ago, as acknowledged by respondents, who also fear that the security they print will deteriorate further. 44.7% of those surveyed acknowledge that five years ago they trusted the parties more than now; 33% were more confident in the Government and 19.9% feel the same with the trade unions.
The next question is about whether in five years, “as things are going”, the level of reliability they perceive from institutions will change. Thus, 39.7% estimate that they will trust the parties less than now, 28.7% will see this slowdown with the unions and 27.1% think they will trust the press, radio and television less.
The institution also asks what they think will be the three main problems in the world in ten years. And there is a coincidence: 33.7% put “hunger, lack of food, scarcity, shortages” as the first problem and exactly the same percentage put “climate change, global warming” as the second. And the third? With 26.1%, “poverty, inequalities and social problems”. Unemployment appears in fifth position, slightly above unemployment.
The last CIS survey was the November barometer, published on the 18th, which reflected that the PSOE would win a hypothetical general election, with 32.7% of support, the same as in October. The main opposition party, led by Alberto Núñez Feijóo, would gather 27.2% of the ballots, one and a half points less. With these results, the socialists increase up to five and a half points the distance with respect to the popular. United We Can, a partner of the PSOE in the Executive, would achieve 12.2% of the votes, half a point less than a month ago. Vox recovers a little more than one point, up to 10.1%; Ciudadanos drops slightly to 2.5% and the pro-independence formation ERC scratches a tenth, with 2.2%.