The Peruvian Congress declared this Thursday the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, “persona non grata”, for his repeated statements on internal affairs in Peru and the refusal to transfer the presidency of the Pacific Alliance to the Andean country.
The decision was taken with 65 votes in favor, 40 against and 2 abstentions, after a motion for that purpose was debated, approved on Monday by the Committee on Foreign Affairs of Congress (Parliament).
Conservative María del Carmen Alva, president of that parliamentary group and who supported the motion, stressed that Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s statements constitute a “violation of the principle of non-interference” in the internal affairs of other countries.
“The Peruvian people do not accept acts of interference and intrusion in our sovereignty”, stressed Alva, quoted by the Efe agency.
Faced with the rejection of the proposal by left-wing deputies, who argued that it could affect historic ties with the Mexican people, Alva stressed that “this is a political gesture that Congress can make” and that “relations with Mexico are not affected” .
“The only thing that is happening here is that the Mexican president is not recognizing our president (…) trade and bilateral relations will never be affected”, he guaranteed.
The Foreign Affairs Commission also urged the Ministries of the Interior and Foreign Affairs to “carry out the necessary actions” so that the Mexican head of state “does not enter national territory”.
In the grounds for the motion, it is highlighted that López Obrador made “repeated public statements” about Peru “laden with falsehoods”, which he described as “interfering, irresponsible and ideological”.
Last week, the Mexican ruler described Peruvian President Dina Boluarte as a “usurper” and stressed that she should leave “the presidency to the person who won a free and democratic election, Pedro Castillo”, who has been imprisoned since December 7 after being sacked. by the Peruvian Congress after attempting a self-coup d’état.
López Obrador also reiterated that Mexico will not hand Baluarte the presidency of the Pacific Alliance because he is “not legally and legitimately president of Peru.”
In response, the Peruvian Chancellor, Ana Cecilia Gervasi, underlined that López Obrador and the Colombian head of state Gustavo Petro, who also maintains his criticisms of Boluarte, demonstrated an “attitude contrary to the principles and values that govern democratic coexistence”.
Earlier in the week, López Obrador was ‘thankful’ that the commission had asked him to declare him ‘persona non grata’.
At the end of February, the Peruvian Government announced the definitive withdrawal of its ambassador to Mexico and indicated that the bilateral relationship was limited to business, while Congress declared Petro and former Bolivian President Evo Morales ‘persona non grata’, in both cases for their criticism and public rejection of the Boluarte Government.
Following the failed coup by Pedro Castillo, who is currently serving 18 months in preventive prison, social protests broke out in the Andean country.
The political crisis that has shaken Peru is a reflection of a huge gap between the capital and the poor provinces that support Castillo, who was never accepted in the Presidential Palace by the capital’s oligarchic elite due to his Amerindian origin.
The protests, which have spread throughout the country in recent months, have already resulted in around sixty deaths and thousands of injuries and arrests.