Office notebook. Management is likely to be complicated for companies which will endeavor to maintain seniors in employment until retirement age, if the passage to 64 years were to be applied. THE mobilization committee of INSEE against the pension reform has just published its fourth issue of “Retirement Analysis” in an attempt to shed light on the debate on hardship at work.
Presented on Thursday March 16 in Montrouge (Hauts-de-Seine) by a dozen agents from the general management of INSEE, this unofficial collection is the product of a group of fifty statisticians, research managers and mathematicians from public function. Their conclusions announce an aggravation of the difficulties at the end of the career.
Before the reform, the average duration in employment after 50 years is only 9.2 years (and not 14), and, in 2019, 37% of employees did not already feel able to hold in their work until retired, as revealed the Department of Animation, Research, Studies and Statistics (Dares) of the Ministry of Labor on March 9. “At the time of retirementsays the study, almost one person in four has a disability: 8% have been severely limited for at least six months in their daily activities due to a health problem and 15% less severely. »
Disability-free life expectancy
Disability is accentuated according to socio-professional categories. “ These disabilities are much more common among manual workers (34%) than among managers (14%). » The average length of employment after age 50 is also four years shorter for manual workers (7.5 years) than for executives and higher intellectual professions (11.5 years).
A discrepancy that statisticians find in the measurement of disability-free life expectancy. All categories combined, in 2020, disability-free life expectancy was 63.9 years for men and 65.3 years for women. But “a 30-year-old worker can expect to live without disability until an average of 62.4 years for a man, and 64.7 years for a woman, i.e. eleven years less than a manager of the same sex”. At 62, 14% of workers have already died, compared to 6% of managers.
However, the 2010 reform, which had raised the retirement age from 60 to 62, was accompanied by an increase in the number of sick leaves after the age of 60: “These sick leaves which replace retirement represent an annual additional cost of 68 million euros for Medicare. They can also destabilize work groups and lead to a transfer of work to other employees. A finding that could only get worse with a further two-year postponement of the retirement age., alert the study.
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Source: Le Monde