The state-owned company Uniao Eléctrica de Cuba (UNE) predicts a deficit of 27% in the maximum capacity to generate energy in the hours of greatest consumption in the afternoon and evening of this Sunday, which will cause new blackouts, affecting the Cuban economy.
With this deficit, the UNE predicts a day with power cuts, a situation that has affected all provinces of the country for several months, including Havana.
Blackouts can exceed 10 hours a day, which has a negative impact on Cuba’s economic and social life, in the midst of the crisis it is experiencing.
UNE currently estimates a generation capacity of 2,462 megawatts (MW) for the hours of greatest consumption, given a maximum demand of 2,900 MW, which will generate a deficit of 438 MW.
The company, linked to the Ministry of Energy and Mines, also calculates a maximum impact of 508 MW at peak hours.
Cuts in electricity supply — due to outages and failures in outdated thermoelectric plants, lack of fuel and scheduled maintenance — are increasingly frequent in the country.
On 60 of the 62 days in July and August, blackouts were recorded on the Caribbean island, according to the Efe agency, based on UNE data.
The Cuban government is seeking to reduce these blackouts by the end of this year through repairs and new investments.
The blackouts affect all areas of the economy and the daily lives of Cubans, which fuels social discontent in a country that is going through a serious crisis.
In recent weeks there have been dozens of protests, such as those in Nuevitas (east), with two consecutive nights of demonstrations.
This situation was also one of the main reasons behind the July 11 anti-government protests, the biggest in decades in the country.
Cuba depends heavily on foreign oil to produce energy (thermal plants generate two-thirds of the electricity) and its main supplier, Venezuela, has substantially reduced its shipments.